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Indonesia has filed a new lawsuit against Israel at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) as of last week. The case is against Israel’s occupation of Palestine, not against its actions in Gaza itself.

Indonesia’s Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said of the filing: “International law must be upheld. The right of the Palestinian people to self-determination must be respected. Israel’s occupation of Palestine, which has lasted for more than 70 years, will not erase the right of the Palestinian people to independence,” she stated.

Indonesia’s case, however, will not result in a legal ruling as in the case of South Africa’s case, but rather only an advisory opinion. It would still hold significance for the UN and nations of the world. According to Middle East Monitor referencing the Jakarta Post website, Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi said that the case will help support global order based on international law, as well as support the Palestinians.

Indonesia, which has the fourth largest population in the world, has the largest population of Muslims of any country.